Rami is another permutation of my engelang skeleton.
Here are its notable features:
Here are its main pitfals:
S = p d g l r n ks ps pf ts j/ʒ/ G = a/a~ɔ/ i/i~ɪ/ u/u~ʊ/ ai au e o y/ə/ V = a i u F = s f x/ʃ/ E = b t k m z v c/tʃ/ h/h~ʔ/ Morpheme = SG (SG)? (FV)* EV (FV)* Prefix = SG (F|nf)V Root = Prefix* Morpheme Particles = EG (FV)*
'V', 'z', 'q', 'ts', 'pf', 'ps', 'ks' and 'c' aren't used natively (for now™) but are useful in loanwords.
Note that unstressed vowels needn't be articulated fully before the end of a word. When reduced in rapid speech, 'a' can be realised as /ɔ/, 'u' can be realised as /ʊ/ and 'i' can be realised as /ɪ/.
When written at the end of a word 'e', 'o' and 'y' can represent the reduced versions of 'i', 'a' and 'u' respectively. When written inside a word, they represent the sounds /e/, /o/ and /ə/ respectively. Words terminal 'e's, 'o's and 'y's can also be pronounced using the three afformentioned inner realisations, as words can only end in 'a', 'i' or 'u' due to morphological constraints. If you pronounce 'e', 'o' or 'y' in such a way, you will not be misunderstood. These are not used natively (for now™), but are used in loanwords such as 'lojba' for 'lojban'.
Note that for now, /h/ and /ʔ/ are allophones. This means that two 'h' initial words can be pronounced with the first as /h/ and the second as /ʔ/ if this makes things flow better.
This yields 360 two syllable roots and 1080 three syllable derivatives. While reading, three syllable minimal pairs shouldn't be too hard to distinguish, as they're related to more distinct two syllable roots.
If you don't have diacritics available, vowel stress can be indicated by double letters. In the diphthongs of 'a', only the 'a' is doubled.
The syllables of nouns are not stressed, in normal situations. In noisy or otherwise difficult situations, the final syllable can be stressed.
Verbs are stressed on the first syllable of the head word.
|The animal eats|
Adjectives are stressed on the last syllable and prenasalise the next onset.
Prenasalisation before stops consists simply of creating a nasal at that stop's place of articulation. For plosives, the nasal is written as an /m/, for dentals an /n/ and for velar stops an /ŋ/. Before dental stops and velar stops,xthe prenasalisation is written as an 'n'.
Before 'l', 'r' and 'n' the nasal is an /m/ and is written as such.
|The old animal eats|
Custom conjunctions prenasalise the following word's onset and are stressed like verbs, on the first syllable of the head noun.
|The old animal eats before the young animal|
In a situation where grouping matters, adjectives will group rightwards. Though such a thing shouldn't really happen. Unlike languages such as Lojban with 'tanru' and moreso Toaq with serial verbs, all adjectives in Rami merely predicate on their noun.
|The red house|
Adjectives can take arguments.
|The war loving animal|
|The sleepy person (lit. want-to-sleep person)|
Adjectives placed before a verb act as though they consume that verb's clause.
|The house was red|
Is the same as:
|The house was|
These adjectives can also take arguments
|Before the war, the house was red|
The sentence level clause may start with a verb. This clause is ended by a sentence starter, or a by subordinating verb, a feature which will be discussed later.
|The house is red|
The sentence level clause may also assume a head final form.
|The house is red|
This is the form all other clauses in the language take.
The propositional clause is by default a noun referring to, well, a proposition. Whether or not the proposition is true on depends on it's parent verb. The proposition below is opened by 'ma' and is closed by the verb 'ráti'.
|I know that the hosue is red|
The other clasue like constructs are relative clauses and properties, which will be discussed later.
Adjectives can precede any clause opener. When this happens, the meaning is the same as if the adjective preceded the head verb. See above if you've forgotten.
Normal clauses and property clause openers are stressed to turn them into verbs.
|The war is that I fight you|
You can place a verb after a sentence to make the sentence behave as a clausal argument of said verb. This process can continue indefinitely.
This is useful for alot of things, namely tense.
|The animal eats|
|The animal ate|
Normally, what subordination can only occur at the end of a sentence. However, using 'bau', you can subordinate any closed clause.
|The animal which I saw|
The subordinating verb can take arguments, both in their regular form and as adder phrases. The first argument of the subordinating verb is the clause that it is subordinating.
|The animal that I saw before I was attacked|
I may drop head final sentence level clauses in favour of Toaq like prenexes. With a prenex, you can introduce the nouns that are to be talked about before you begin a long sentence, often making it easier to understand.
Relative clauses are created using the particle 'mi' and come after the noun. The relative pronoun is 'ta'.
|I must help the person that helps me|
When gaps are left in the clause, the relative particle is assumed to be in the leftmost gap.
|I must help the person that helps me|
When relative clauses are used with verbs, the relative particle refers to the verb's clause.
Properties are very closely related to predicates. In natural languages, the closest analogue to the propery is the infinitive.
Consider the sentence 'I try to swim'.
Here, we have two predicates:
 tries to do [property] and
The 'try' part is in the normal form, but the 'swim' part has been altered slightly in order to signify a special relationship with the head verb.
The relationship varies greatly, but the infinitive part stays the same.
Most verbs that would take infinitives in english take a property in Rami.
|I try to swim|
The property pronoun finds a place in the same way that the relative pronoun finds one. Thus, the above sentence can be rewritten as:
|I try to swim|
Any root can have it's leftmost argument filled in using an adder phrase.
I've already demonstrated this property with adjectives, so here I'll show how it works with verbs and nouns.
Using an adder phrase with a verb is essentially a way of changing the word order. You may do this for stylistic reasons, or when you think of new information after finishing a phrase.
Here are a list of sentences, each using different sentence structures with the help of adder phrases.
|The king shouldn't betray his country|
|The king loves treason, but hates the traitor|
|Let only one control, let only one be king|
|The king think's that he is God, but all must become sick|
Some verbs, when used as nouns, benefit from the ability to easily specify the object.
|I must help the one that helps me|
The genetive is a predicate which translate to
 is of [noun], where the noun is filled in.
The genetive has three versions
Hi = form a noun 'mine' Hí = form a verb 'it's mine' Hín = form an adjective 'my'
Genetive nouns are formed by prefixing 'hi' to the noun.
|I know of that|
The adjective form of the genetive separates a series of consecutive nouns. They are left grouping.
|The valley of the shadow of death|
The genetive verb is formed by prefixing 'hí' to the noun.
|The house is of the angry person|
The particle 'hu' starts a number phrase. Number phrases are ended by a vowel change to either: 'a' or 'i'.
'A' creates a predicate meaning
 refers to _ things.
'I' indicates the ordinal, creating a predicate meaning
 is _th in sequence .
s = 0 t/d = 1 n = 2 m = 3 r = 4 l = 5 x/j = 6 g/k = 7 f/v = 8 p/b = 9
'Tau' allows you to multiply a number by a power of ten.
|3x10^3 = 3000|
'Bau' allows you to create quotients.
'Sau' symbolises a decimal point.
'Lau' is the negative sign, and is placed at the start of the number phrase.
'Kau' is placed at the start of the number phrase, unless there is a negative in which case it goes after the negative. indicates that the resulting number is the reciprocal of the given number.
'Rai' separates multiple numbers, which are to be added together.
|3000 and a third|
|3000 and a third|
Compounds are made with numbers as if the compound is a loanword. This means that the number isn't changed internally, it only has the realisation of the final phoneme altered.
For example, you could translate bicycle using the number 2 + the word for vehichle.
Hunoruku = /hunɔruku/
Spellings begin with an 'hau' and are closed witn an 'hi'.
Cu = letter. HV = vowel. Ci = number. Ca = A letter that also represents the end of a spelling phrase, without the need of 'hi'. Hai = I
Diphthongs are spelled as compound letters, 'hai' = 'hahai'.
Haupudufuhi = PDF Hauduhoguhi = DOG Hauluhainuhukusuhi = LINUKS
Like numbers, spelling phrases behave as loanwords when they are to be made into compounds.
Haupudufuhedaxunaku = /Hawpudufuhɪdaxunaku/ = PDF + document/read/text + tool = PDF reader
The passive is formed simply by doubling the first syllable of a root.
Guta =  eats  Guguta =  is eaten by 
Here are some verbal examples.
|I am annointed|
|I am restored|
But how do you switch the third argument with the first?
Well, just triple the first syllable...
Just kidding. I'm undecided on how best to implement this feature, so you can use or use the temporary prefix 'misi'.
Rather than using a number of pronouns, use rami anaphora (like latejami). To form anaphora, take the first syllable of the word you want to make and append 'hau'. If the source word is a compound, take the syllable from the head noun.
Gisami -> gihau
If this syllable is a diphthong of 'a', the latter part is removed.
Danfunauta -> nahau
This possibly reduces the scope of loanwords, so I may remove it in the future.
Custom conjunctions can be made out of a verb whose two arguments are clauses. The resulting sentence is one where this verb predicates over two identical clauses, except for the conjunct argument. The first clause contains the left noun and the second clause contains the right
|The old animal eats before the young animal|
Is the same as:
|The old animal eats before the young animal|
Loanwords can be butchered in using the extra sounds mentioned in the morphophonology section. Internal consonant clusters don't necessarily break the morphology, so long as consonants obey the structure SFE F*.
Keep in mind that the value of a loanword system there in the hypothetical situation where the language has to be: a) parsed or b) processed from a soundbite. Of course, the same could be said for conlangs as a whole, but sometimes it's just not worth the effort to transliterate a forgein word.
You could just put the word in quotation marks, followed by a root which describes what type of thing it is.
Burger -> 'burger' nabi / purgarha
Shinar = Jinarha Telephone = Delefomi Sargent = Tsarjenti Telephone shop = Delefomirubi Dublin = Duplinhi
Compounds are right grouping.
They are formed by prefixing the a version of a two syllable root onto another root. The prefix versions are formed according to the following rules:
m -> nf b -> f t -> s k -> x
Note that diphthongs are broken up by 'nf'.
The prefix of
nauba, a root predicate meaning
 trusts  is
It is pronounced as
na-un-fa (3 syllables).
To enchance semantic predictability, compounds must make essentially the same predications as that of the head word, save for propositions, nouns and properties that have been filled in.
Compounds are made with loanwords by altering the quality of the last vowel. 'U' is realised as /ə~ʊ/ and written as 'y'. 'I' is realised as /e~ɪ/ and written as 'e'. 'A' is realised as /o~ɔ/ and written as 'o'.
Guneherubi -> /guneherubi/ = dog-shop
If the last part of the loanword is a diphthong, the diphthong is broken up.
Pikayrubi -> /pikaərubi/ = pig-shop/butcher
root-phrase = negative? root | numerical-root | seplling-root | name-root | anaphora name-root = BA root verb = róot-phrase | genetive-verb noun = root-phrase | genetive-noun genetive-verb = HÍ noun-phrase genetive-noun = HI noun-phrase sentence = verb-phrase noun-phrase* verb-phrase* verb-phrase = adjective-phrase* verb adder-phrase? adjective-phrase = adjective a-phrase? adder-phrase = HA noun-phrase noun-phrase = genetive-adjective-phrase? quantifier? adjective-phrase* noun (adder-phrase | relative-clause)? (conjunction noun-phrase)? | clause genetive-adjective-phrase = noun-phrase HÍN clause = MA noun-phrase* verb-phrase subordinating-part-of-clause? subordinating-part-of-clause = BAU noun-phrase* verb-phrase subordinating-part-of-clause? relative-clause = MI noun-phrases* verb-phrase utterance = (( ^ | starter ) ~ sentence )*
Copy the parser text into pest.rs to see it work.
You can't have both a relative clause and an inserted noun.
The parsing logic doesn't yet account for hierarchical structure.
daba =  is disease dabi =  is [property] enough to do [property] dabu =  is the end of  daiba = N/A daika = N/A daima =  is a coin daita = N/A daka =  is positive daki =  covers  daku =  is a text dama =  is at present/now/at the same time as  dami =  is a bird damu =  is a building data =  is a system dati =  is a day datu =  is masculine/male dauba =  tries to do [property] dauka =  sits on  daumi =  is a shadow dauta = N/A diba =  is a barrier/wall dibi =  would be the case if  were the case dibu =  is a professional dika =  is a destination diki =  is sharp diku =  hopes/pines for  dima =  likes  dimi =  is a hole/recess in the ground dimu =  is possible dita =  is a hand diti = N/A ditu = N/A duba =  is on the right dubi =  is wrong dubu =  moves through  duka =  falls from  duki =  is a head duku =  loses  duma =  is a 2D shape dumi =  is wicked/evil/cursed dumu =  lasts for  amount of time duta =  occurs as quickly as  duti =  is behind  dutu = N/A gaba =  is about/pertain to  gabi =  is a result gabu =  is young gaiba = N/A gaika = N/A gaima = N/A gaita = N/A gaitu =  smells  gaka = N/A gaki =  is green gaku =  is contrasting or 'other' gama = YOU 2ps.sing gami =  is a sound gamu =  causes  gata =  is 'just'/only true gati =  is nice gatu =  is a door/portal/gate gauba = N/A gaubi =  does [property] again gauka = N/A gauma = N/A gauta = N/A giba =  writes  is far from  gibi =  is a property/characteristic/aspect gibu =  is more true than  gika =  is a town/settlement/village/city giki =  is a device for doing [property] giku =  is a circle gima =  is a color gimi =  is information gimu =  gives  gita =  is below  giti =  is rich in property  gitu =  is a large domesticated animal guba =  is a group gubi =  is a light source gubu =  is a mammal guka =  is the way in which  is done/becomes true guki =  is in the east guku =  is a rock/stone guma =  is alone gumi =  is liquid stuff gumu =  waits for  guta =  eats  guti =  is God laibi =  is oil gutu =  is a cup naimu =  is a some kind of acquaintance of  laba =  is clean labi =  is white/bright labu =  loves  laiba = N/A laika = N/A laima =  is confused laita = N/A laka =  is broad/wide/thick lafaka =  is far from  laki =  makes  laku =  is cold lama =  is fuel lami =  is small lamu =  is true lata =  is a gas lati =  is above  latu =  wants  to be the case lauba =  is far away from  lauka = N/A lauma = N/A lauta =  is heavy liba =  is a swelling libi =  is free libu =  helps/benefits/aids  lika =  is true if  is true/ is necessary for  liki =  is a piece/part/element/quantum of  liku =  is a tube/tunnel lima =  is water limi =  is here/this limu =  controls  lita =  is a path/road liti =  is to the left litu =  is new luba =  is a man-made place lubi =  is negative lubu =  is normal luka =  ought to/should be the case luki =  is true because of  luku =  swims  luma =  excretes  lumi =  is the moon lumu =  is there/that luta =  is the corporeal element of  luti =  is the purpose of  lutu = N/A naba =  is a child nabi =  is a food item nabu =  is a room naibu =  is in front of  naika = N/A naimi =  is allowed to do [property] naita = N/A naka =  is a victim naki =  acquires  naku =  is a tool/implement nama =  is an animal nami =  is the target of  namu =  is a year nata =  is a point in time nati =  is a net natu =  is what it is nauba =  trusts  nauka =  is able to do  nauma =  is an example of  nauta =  is sticky/adhering niba =  collapses/dies nibi =  is a tree/woody plant nibu =  is a branch of science concerned with  nika =  is grey niki =  is solid niku =  is a reptile nima =  is after  nimi = to be in motion nimu =  must occur as a matter of fate nita =  knows  niti =  communicates with  nitu =  is before  in a sequence nuba =  meets  nubi =  is meat nubu =  is sad nuka =  is a piece of furniture nuki =  is less true than  nuku =  is similar to  numa =  perceives  numi =  is thankful to  numu =  refers to more than one thing nuta =  is a sport nuti =  is a number nutu =  sleeps with  paba = N/A pabi =  is a seed pabu =  is feminine/female paiba = N/A paika = N/A paima =  is a friend of  paita =  follows  paka = N/A paki =  is old paku = N/A pama = N/A pami =  does  wholly pamu =  is inside  pata =  is before  pati =  is an item of clothing patu =  utters  pauba = N/A pauka =  guides/leads  in way [property] pauma =  feels comfortable doing [property] pauta = N/A piba =  is a person pibi =  laughs pibu =  serves function/role  pika =  is happy piki =  is strange piku =  is a weapon pima =  is the same as  pimi =  is in the north pimu = N/A pita =  is yellow piti =  is before  in a sequence pitu =  is an event puba = N/A pubi =  loves  pubu =  is purple puka =  fears/is afraid of  puki =  is a little bit [proper puku = N/A puma =  uses  pumi =  loves  pumu = N/A puta =  is a computer puti =  sings  putu =  is a foot raba =  becomes/changes into  rabi =  is worth  rabu =  is large raxabu =  is so [property] that they satisfy [property] raiba = N/A raika =  is angry at  raima = N/A raita = N/A raka =  is fire/flame raki =  is a plant raku =  avoids  rama = ME 1ps.sing rami =  is a lanugage ramu =  is probably true if  i true rata =  is art rati =  is red ratu =  attacks  raubi =  returns to doing  rauka = N/A rauma =  is rain  rauta =  is still true riba =  finds  ribi =  is a natural location ribu =  holds  rika =  is a weather condition riki =  is an insect riku =  is a parent rima =  is calm/peaceful/safe rimi =  wears  rimu =  is a world/domain rita =  is warm riti =  is important/significant ritu =  is royal ruba =  is healthy rubi =  is a shop/market rubu =  is a sibling ruka =  is crushed material ruki =  is narrow ruku =  is a vehicle ruma =  is a surface rumi =  thinks  rumu =  is a book ruta =  originates in  ruti =  is a window rutu =  is eternal/infinite
daxabi =  is true enough for  to be true dasiba =  is sick paufama =  assuages/calms/comforts/cools  dafaba =  curses  daxiba =  is a poison dafabu =  stops doing [property] daxiki =  is a blanket/duvet daxiku = short story dafuku =  is a document dasuku =  reads  dafami =  flies daximi =  is the sky dasimi =  is blue daximu =  is a complex dafumu =  is a house daxata =  is a governmental system dafata =  organises/prepares  dasita =  is ordered/structured/orderly/logical dasiti =  is popular/en vouge among  dauxata =  is folded/bent around  disiba =  is closed/locked dixibu =  is a job difabu =  works difaka =  points towards  dixiki =  is a knife difaki =  cuts  disimu =  is open/unlocked difata =  catches  disuta =  can reach/touch  duxabi =  is true instead of  being true (and it's unfortunate) dufaka =  lowers/descends upon  dufuki =  is a face guxika =  is an explanation gufaka =  does [property] in way  dusiku =  is mourning the loss of  dufuma =  is a 3D shape dufami =  loathes/hates/despises  duximi =  is excrement/crap duxuta =  occurs as slowly as  gasiba =  is relevant. gasibi =  is efficient/prosperous gausibi =  is extra/additiona/auxhiliary gaxibu =  is early gaisatu =  is a nose gafaku =  betrays/disobeys/commits treason against  gasiku =  is specific/distinct/particular among  gaxama = 2ps.pl gasita =  is pendantic gaxuti =  is not nice gasuti =  is true instead of  being true (and it's fortunate) gafati =  dwells/abodes in  gixubu =  increases in how much it does  gisika =  is municipal gixika =  is a council gixiku =  is a ring gifaku =  surrounds  gisiku =  is round gifuku =  is a ball gifutu =  is a pasture diximi =  is a valley gasima =  is colorful gifami =  learns gisami =  is a school gixita =  is the earth/soil gisita =  is brown gifata =  burries  gufuba =  is among  nufabu =  has mercy on  guxaba =  is with  guxibi =  is the sun gufabi =  shines on  gusibi =  is bright/rich in light. gufubu =  is hair guxibu =  is milk guxuki =  is in the west gusiku =  is hard guxiku =  is a brick gufami =  drinks  guxata =  gorges on  gusiti =  is holy gufuti -  is a creed/faith gusati -  is a church laxuba =  is dirty lasiba =  is modest/good/holy laxibi =  is the truth laifama =  confounds/disorganises  lafuki =  is a clone laxima =  is oil lafumu =  is a fact. lafati =  jumps/leaps  lasati =  is the paragon/summit/top of  lausita =  is sturdy/well built/reliable lauxata =  is overly/too/excessively [property] to do [property] laufata =  carries/hauls  lixiba =  is a cancerous growth lixiki =  is a dot/point lifuki =  is a body part lisima =  is wet lixima =  is a cloud lifuma =  is a body of water lixami = 3ps.pl lifaxita =  is a choice lifata =  choses  lixata =  is a fork lufumi =  is a month lusimi =  is dark/black luxami =  is the cosmos luxamu = 3ps.pl lufati =  is successful thanks to  nasiba =  is foolish/idiotic nafaba =  gives birth to  nasabu =  is a hotel/hostel naxika =  is an injury naxiki =  is a gift/present nafaki =  awards/endowns  upon  naxiku =  is a component nasima =  is alive naxima =  is a dog naxiti =  is a basket naxitu =  is the news naufaka =  is adept at doing  nausuma =  backs/is evidence of  nisuba =  is death nifaba =  sleeps nisiba =  is lazy/lethargic nixibi =  is wood nisaki =  is the floor/ground nifaku =  crawls nifuma =  is posterity nifami =  moves  nixami =  ambulates/walks/runs nisumi =  sends  to  nifumu =  is a prophecy niximu =  is a law nisita =  is wise nuxibi =  is muscle nusaka =  is a fixture nusiki =  is weak/sickly nuxiki =  is a detail nufiki =  decreases in how much it does  nuxiku =  is a version/variant/model/kind/type nufuma =  is an image/sight nuxima =  is a mirror nusima =  is blatant/obvious/evident nufamu =  measures/records  nusata =  is a court/field/plain nufata =  plays with  nuxita =  is a competition/match/game nusitu =  is attractive paxiki -  is outdated/old fashioned/an anachronism pafaki -  remembers  pasimi =  is full pafumu =  a core/center/middle of  pafiti =  is creased paxitu =  is a name pixiba =  is mankind/people in general pisibi =  is funny pixama =  is in balance with  pixumi =  is in the south puxima =  is a method puxika =  is a ghost/apparition/spirit/soul pusama =  is a workshop puximi =  is a darling/loved one pusuki =  is a song puxitu =  is a leg raxaba =  changes  in way [property] raxibi =  is currency rafubi =  is gold rasibi =  is expensive raxubi =  is frugal rafabi =  buys/purchases  raixaka =  screams at  rasuka =  burns  raxiki =  is a flower raxama = 1p.pl raximi =  is a word rasami =  is a tounge raxata =  is a collection rafuta =  is a pattern/filgree/design rafuti =  is blood rasatu =  is war rauxima =  is a drop raufuma =  is a flood rausima =  flows rausita =  persists rixaba =  searches for  rifuba =  is a discovery/innovation rixibi =  is a country/land risibi =  is wild/undomesticated rifabi =  is at  rixibu =  is a container rifubu =  has  rixika =  is the air/atmosphere rifaka =  breathes/inhales risaka =  is outside  rifaki =  annoys  rixiku =  is a married couple rifaki =  marries  rixita =  is fire/flame rixatu =  reigns over  ruxika =  is sand rufuka =  is salt rufaki =  is next/near to  ruxiki =  is a string/rope rusiki =  is stiff/constrained/limited in aspect  rusifuki =  is the limit ruxiku =  is a horse rufama =  is on  risima =  is flat rixama =  reclines on  ruxima =  is the horizon. ruximi =  is a thought/idea rusami =  is the mind rufami =  believes/opines  ruximu =  is a chapter ruxita =  is the beginning of  rufata =  starts to do 
raufigamu =  returns  to state  risupiba =  is a royal dasuritu =  is a king pafuritu =  is a queen rixanimi =  goes out of  rixanixami =  walks/runs out of  gaufilaxirami =  is an auxlang risudaxata =  is a monarchy laxirami =  is a conlang lanfigisudibu =  is a sheperd lausarausima =  overflows dunfinaimu =  is an enemy of  dauxanuku =  is a chair gusigimu =  annoints  runfanuku =  is a table gusinauba =  believes in  ranfiraxaba =  translates  pifurumi =  is sane nusinuxiki =  is a statistic nusinuxikisi =  is statistical nisiputa =  is a phone danfunauta =  is morter pasiputa =  is a laptop nifanuma =  dreams  lusinita =  understands  lausagati =  is salubrious/too good to be real or true runfulubu =  is a library ranfinibu =  is linguistics laxaraxaba =  scatters 
pfantu =  is an elefant leku =  is a horse gunehi =  is a dog gauhi =  is a cow pikau =  is a pig padata =  is a potato lojba =  is lojban papelha =  is Babel lakolha =  is alcohol psalma =  is a biblical psalm
hurodufuma =  is a cube/box hutodama =  occurs as soon as  occurs guneherubi =  is a dog shop lixilojba =  is a gismu
bi = property clause mi = relative clasue ma = clause opener bau = subordination particle
ba = start gramatically correct name. mauxi = start name quote mau = start quote tasa = end quote (can take stress and nasality)
hu = start a number phrase, closed by a change to 'a' (quantitave) or 'i' (ordinal). s = 0 t/d = 1 n = 2 m = 3 r = 4 l = 5 x/j = 6 g/k = 7 f/v = 8 p/b = 9 tau = to the exponent of (at the end, essentially between two numbers) bau = over (between two numbers) sau = decimal point (between two numbers) kau = reciprocal (prefix) rai = separator lau = negative sign
Ca = letter. HV = vowel. Cu = number. Ci = A letter that also represents the end of a spelling phrase, without the need of 'hi'. hai = I
ti = logical or ku = logical and kau = group and
Quantifiers come before the noun, and before any adjectives if adjectives are modifying that noun. Genetive adjectives come before the quantifier.
bu = all buxi = some ki = no ka = only kai = definite tu = question (which ...) mai = generic
ta = relative clause relative pronoun tau = property pronoun misi = x1 <-> x3 tai = negative, placed before a root hi = make predicate which means 'of X' ha = fills in the leftmost argument of the preceding morpheme -hai = given either a prefix to form an interjection OR a simple syllable (closed class). -hau = forms anaphora
mu = default starter bai = order hai = address taxi = ultimately tafu = questioning starter bixa = therefore/in this case masu = but/however/alas mixi = in other words
Each word ought to have no more than three derivatives. This is to prevent excessive minimal pairs.
Tense words use derivative 2 for the perfect, 1 for the habitual and 3 for the imperfect.
|"I am sad and am mourning"|
|"But now it's wanted"|
|"To hold a friendly hand"|
|"And eternally be with (them)"|
Making this kind of 'poetry' in Rami is halfway between sticking to a meter in english and making a Toaq pangram. While there is no grammatical tone, there is grammatical stress. Gramatical stress is less like tone in that the word at a particular part of the text is not stuck to a single part of speech.
|"God is my sheperd; I should not want"|
|"God makes me recline on green pastures: He guides me next to the calm waters"|
|God restores my soul: I am guided in being modest, the purpose being of God|
|I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, but I will not fear anything because your controle assuages me.|
|"You organise a table in front of me before my enemies. My head is annointed by you who uses oil, in which case my cup overflows"|
|"Goodness and mercy must follow me on all the days on which I am alive, and I will dwell in the house of God forever"|